What is Versioning?

Versioning is the process of tracking changes to database items. When an item is altered, the original data isn’t overwritten; instead, a new version is generated. Each version can be uniquely identified, typically via a timestamp or version number. Versioning is exceptionally useful in scenarios involving simultaneous updates from multiple users or systems, as it prevents conflicts and data loss.

Implementing Versioning in DynamoDB:

Though DynamoDB lacks built-in versioning, it can be implemented using attributes and conditional writes. Steps include:

  1. Adding a Version Attribute: First, create a version attribute for your DynamoDB items. This attribute holds the version number of each item.
  2. Utilizing Conditional Writes: Conditional writes let you specify conditions for successful write operations. For versioning, increment the version number each time an item is updated, using conditional writes to check the item hasn’t been altered by another user or process.
  3. Handling Write Conflicts: If a write conflict occurs (when the conditional write fails) – you could retry the update, merge changes, or alert the user.
  4. Maintaining a History (Optional): In certain situations, you might wish to keep a record of item versions.